The human race is polluting the Earth in more than one way. The
major pollutant is smoke emitted from industries and automotives, the second
major pollutant is unquestionably a human invention – plastic. It is almost
inevitable that with the more use of plastic, there would be no one on Earth to
use it. Therefore, scientists are looking into replacing plastic with the
biological substances that would act as plastic.
In search for these safe alternatives it has been found out that
Fungus is the most resilient, durable and safe organism to develop objects. As
fungus can grow in most of the conditions across the world, there won’t be any
deficiency of it and some companies have already started developing fungal
objects that are used as packing materials.
Fungus grows on a surface by expanding with the help of filamentous
structures. These filaments bind to the surface and become a part of it.
Therefore, whenever the surface is carefully removed they will retain the shape
of the surface exactly. With the application of heat the fungus will die and
would turn into a ‘cork’ like substance that is fire resistant, water proof and
The companies planning to use this technology are also trying to incorporate
the idea of 3D printing technology. The 3D printers could create any form based
on the design and the hollow structure within the object created is inserted
with the fungal mould. In 3-4 weeks, the fungus would take shape of the 3D
mould and can be taken out to form an object.
Further, researchers have found a way to create substances of
different hardness like rubber, cork, plastic, net, etc. with fungus.
Therefore, many of today’s objects can be easily replaced by the organic
In a matter of few years, the world can witness a huge change and
everything plastic would be replaced by Fungus. An additional advantage is that
fungus derived products are of very lightweight and easy to carry. From bottles
to containers everything would be biodegradable and human beings can survive a
bit longer without plastic.