Can Hydroponics Provide Better Solution For Growing Farming Needs?

Farming

“There isn’t place for humans and crops in this world”

It is true, with increasing population nearing a staggering number of 7.5 billion the world is getting smaller for plants and animals. Human beings are finding it difficult to find shelter and food supplements at the same time. The current farming techniques are not proving sufficient for the food needs of the world; hence researchers are looking at more productive means. One of the best alternatives found is a method called Hydroponics.

Hydroponics involves the growth of plants without the use of conventional soil. As an alternative to soil, a nutrient rich solution consisting of water and minerals are used. This solution provides the required supplements for the roots. The greatest advantage of this method is that plants that grow in particular conditions can be grown globally.

How does Hydroponics work?

It is typical for a plant to take the support of the soil to grow and establish a firm grip to remain upright. Further, it is the soil that provides a plant or a tree with nutrients. Hydroponics is developed based on this formula and provides nutrients, support and uprightness with the help of nutrient rich solution. The solution is rich with ionic compounds that provide sufficient nutrients for the plants.

As the method involves the use of solution that needs to be made available to the plant, it can be done in many ways:

Ø  The plant can be placed in inert substances and allow periodical flow of solution to the roots.

Ø  The plant can be placed in inert substances and allow the solution to be sprayed in the form of mist.

Ø  The plant can be placed on a sloping film to allow the solution to flow over the roots.

These current methods of Hydroponics can be automated so that the farmer need not check with the plants more often.

Advantages of Hydroponics

The process involved with hydroponics is similar to creating a virtual reality to the plants so that they can grow faster. The nutrient solution, heating equipment, artificial lights, etc. used in the method helps the plant to grow faster.

One can save a lot of water with this method. The water used can be recycled for many times and in comparison to regular farming, only 10% of water is used for a harvest. The same goes with the fertilizers used and only 25-30% of the fertilizer is used in comparison to conventional farming. The plants are free from attack of insects, pests, rodents, fungus, etc. as the environment is controlled and there is not stock of water. Therefore, there is NO NEED OF PESTICIDES.

Transportation costs can be cut to a minimum as the Hydroponic farms can be established near the place of selling. In addition, a single crop can be repeatedly grown with the solution as there is no soil involved.

Hydroponics can prove to be the best solution for the growing food needs and organic development of crops. With proper care and understanding, a farmer can produce more food in considerably less space and help with the sustenance of the growing population.

BY : Maruthi Ram Kumar Jeelakarra

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